Saul McLeodpublishedupdated Conformity is a type of social influence involving a change in belief or behavior in order to fit in with a group. Group pressure may take different forms, for example bullying, persuasion, teasing, criticism, etc.
Types of conformity A. Publicly acting in accord with social pressure while privately disagreeing. This term best describes the behavior of a person who is motivated to gain reward or avoid punishment.
On the level of compliance, many experimenters see little difference between animals and humans, because all organisms respond to rewards and punishments. As with compliance, we do not behave in a particular way because such behavior is intrinsically satisfying. Rather, we adopt a particular behavior because it puts us in a satisfying relationship to the person or persons with whom we are identifying.
We do come to believe in the opinions and values we adopt, though not very strongly. We want to be like some particular person. Want to be just like your father. Both acting and believing in accord with social pressure.
This is the most permanent, deeply rooted response to social influence. Internalization is motivated by a desire to be right. If the person who provides the influence is perceived to be trustworthy and of good judgment, we accept the belief he or she advocates and we integrate it into our belief system.
Comparison of the three: Compliance is the least enduring and has the least effect on the individual, because people comply merely to gain reward or to avoid punishment.
Rewards and punishments are very important means to get people to learn and to perform specific activities but are limited as techniques of social influence because they must be ever present to be effective - unless the individual discovers some additional reason for continuing the behavior.
Continuous reward or punishment is not necessary for identification. All that is needed is the individual's desire to be like that person. You will continue to hold beliefs similar to the SO as long as he remains important to you, he still holds the same beliefs, and those beliefs are not challenged by counter-opinions that are more convincing.
If the SOs beliefs change or he becomes less important to you, your beliefs can change. They can also change if people who are more important to you express different beliefs.
The effect of identification can also be dissipated by a desire to be right. Internalization is the most permanent response to social influence because your motivation to be right is a powerful and self-sustaining force that does not depend on constant surveillance as does complianceor on your continued esteem for another person or group as does identification.
In compliance, the important component is power -the power of the influencer to dole out rewards and punishments. In identification, the crucial component is attractiveness - the attractiveness of the person with whom we identify.
Because we identify with the model, we want to hold the same opinions that the model holds. In internalization, the crucial component is credibility - the credibility of the person who supplies the information 5. Any of the three can determine behavior. In the Asch studies, it seems obvious the subjects were complying with the unanimous opinion of the group in order to avoid the punishment of ridicule or rejection.
If either identification or internalization had been involved, the conforming behavior would have persisted in private NOTE: Subjects gave different answers when responses were not public. Circumstances can increase the permanence of conformity produced by compliance or identification.
While complying, we might discover something about our actions, or about the consequences of our actions, that makes it worthwhile to continue the behavior even after the original reason for compliance is no longer forthcoming.Conformity is actually a rather complex concept, and there are a number of different kinds: 1.
The conformity to norms we discussed earlier is often quite unconscious. Conformity is the act of matching attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors to group norms.
Norms are implicit, specific rules, shared by a group of individuals, that guide their interactions with others.
This tendency to conform occurs in small groups and/or society as a whole, and may result from subtle unconscious influences, or direct and overt social pressure. Sociology CH. 7: Conformity, Deviance, and Crime. which are always backed by different kinds of sanctions. Deviance.
Criticisms of the functionalist theory: the idea of the criminal subculture is based on the gangs of Chicago in the 's and 30's.
Conformity is a type of social influence involving a change in belief or behavior in order to fit in with a group. This change is in response to real (involving the physical presence of others) or imagined (involving the pressure of social norms / expectations) group urbanagricultureinitiative.com: Saul Mcleod.
Neural Basis of Two Kinds of Social Influence: Obedience and Conformity Ying Xie 1, Mingliang Chen 1*, Hongxia Lai 1, Wuke Zhang 1, Zhen Zhao 1 and Ch. Mahmood Anwar 2 1 School of Management, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. Two Kinds Questions and Answers - Discover the urbanagricultureinitiative.com community of teachers, mentors and students just like you that can answer any question you might have on Two Kinds.