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Centre for Automotive Safety Research http: This report describes the outcome of a review based on an international literature review, analysis of police data, comparisons with interstate data and discussions with personnel at varying levels within the hierarchy of the SA Police. Ways in which drink driving enforcement may be enhanced in South Australia are discussed.
The Alcohol and Drugs Taskforce was asked by the Regulation and Enforcement Subcommittee to recommend a project with the greatest potential to reduce the number of drink drive crashes in South Australia. The Taskforce concluded that the most effective project would be to explore the means by which drink-drive enforcement might be improved.
The outcomes from the project are to be used to assist the SA Police in maximising the effectiveness of police enforcement in reducing drink driving in South Australia.
The current project consists of a review of drink driving enforcement in South Australia, as of Juneconducted with the following stages: These highlight a number of issues relevant to the South Australian context.
This may deter drink driving by influencing subsequent alcohol consumption or the decision to drive. To detect actual drink drivers, RBT is also needed later in the evening after midnight at times when the highest drink drive rates occur.
The precise proportion of each enforcement method needed to minimise drink driving behaviour is unknown. A mixed model of enforcement, covert enforcement in conjunction with overt enforcement, is needed to increase the perceived link between visible enforcement activities and detection. There is also a strong need to balance targeted and random activities, and detection and deterrence.
Mobile RBT should not become the sole means of detection at the expense of general deterrence. In rural areas, static RBT based primarily on deterrence is unlikely to have a great effect on rural drivers. Therefore, detection of drink drivers would be the most useful strategy in such communities and is best achieved through unpredictable, smaller, covert mobile operations.
However, covert operations should complement overt testing methods and all enforcement strategies should consider local factors. When RBT targets are set, they should include time-based factors i. Other literature has found that RBT operations are effective in reducing overall numbers of crashes and in New Zealand benefit cost ratios in the order of While there is some evidence to suggest that mass media can produce results in isolation, many studies point to the fact that an enhanced effect can be achieved when mass media is coordinated to support drink driving enforcement activity.
The most significant change in legislation in recent years was the introduction of mobile RBT and the lifting of prescribed period restrictions in mid- This has meant that SAPOL can now engage in enforcement activities in line with interstate practices.
This has indicated reasonable activity by Local Service Areas LSAsoperating autonomously, to meet targets set by a corporate command. The arguments for this structure are that LSAs have ownership of drink driving enforcement i. These targets consist of the number of overall tests performed and the proportion of detections.
The reliance on the autonomy of LSAs has many positive and negative aspects, however, in the context of this report, most are seen as positive. An issue that cannot be meaningfully addressed is if the LSAs are properly resourced to conduct adequate levels of drink driving enforcement without distraction.
A comparison with other states suggests that South Australia is lagging behind the best performing states in terms of the number of overall tests and detections performed. The lack of mobile RBT in recent years may be a significant contributor to this situation.
Data from late and will be needed to see if this situation has changed. This would likely have much improved detection rates but only a modest increase in the number of overall tests. A further review of the equipment possessed by police forces in other states would also assist in the interpretation of the circumstances.
The maintenance of the Northern and Southern Traffic Enforcement Sections is seen as beneficial and maintains a necessary higher profile focus on traffic enforcement. However their individual impact is difficult to assess and the extent to which they can bolster LSA RBT activity over the whole state given current resources must be limited.
The assignment of dedicated traffic police to the LSAs is also viewed as a positive influence provided that there are adequate resources to permit these personnel to remain focused on traffic enforcement duties.
The Traffic Support Branch provides timely information to LSAs when requested, however the task of recording and retrieving data does not appear to be streamlined. The difficulty of entering sometimes duplicate data into the various computer systems was highlighted on more than one occasion as being problematic.
Currently, the number of breath tests in South Australia is recorded by LSAs who either count discarded mouthpieces or use a counting device. There appears to be confusion as to whether electronic data from breath testers can be downloaded.
Many jurisdictions in Australia either have, or are moving towards the data logging of preliminary breath tests.
There would be significant benefits if data were to be recorded from alco-testers in the field and downloaded. SAPOL could increase its intelligence in relation to how much drink drive enforcement was being conducted and the times at which this was occurring.
Such information would be invaluable to the planning of future enforcement activities. However, this would require some administration and cultural issues to be overcome.South Coast Plaza is located in a welcoming area of Costa Mesa known for its cozy coffeehouses and array of dining options.
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