Child labour in pakistan

Sweatshops There is no single definition of what a sweatshop is. The US Department of Labor defines a sweatshop as a factory that violates two or more labor laws, such as those pertaining to wages and benefits, child labor or working hours.

Child labour in pakistan

Census of England and Wales 21st century Incidence rates for child labour worldwide in age group, inper World Bank data. The colour code is as follows: Some nations such as Guinea-BissauMali and Ethiopia have more than half of all children aged 5—14 at work to help provide for their families.

Estimates for child labour vary. It ranges between and million, if children aged 5—17 involved in any economic activity are counted. If light occasional work is excluded, ILO estimates there were million child labourers aged 5—14 worldwide in This Child labour in pakistan about 20 million less than ILO estimate for child labourers in Some 60 percent of the child labour was involved in agricultural activities such as farming, dairy, fisheries and forestry.

Another 25 percent of child labourers were in service activities such as retail, hawking goods, restaurants, load and transfer of goods, storage, picking and recycling trash, polishing shoes, domestic help, and other services.

The remaining 15 percent laboured in assembly and manufacturing in informal economy, home-based enterprises, factories, mines, packaging salt, operating machinery, and such operations.

Some children work as guides for tourists, sometimes combined with bringing in business for shops and restaurants. Contrary to popular beliefs, most child labourers are employed by their parents rather than in manufacturing or formal economy. Children who work for pay or in-kind compensation are usually found in rural settings, then urban centres.

Child labour in pakistan

Less than 3 percent of child labour aged 5—14 across the world work outside their household, or away from their parents. Africa has the highest percentage of children aged 5—17 employed as child labour, and a total of over 65 million.

Asia, with its larger population, has the largest number of children employed as child labour at about million. Latin America and Caribbean region have lower overall population density, but at 14 million child labourers has high incidence rates too.

Accurate present day child labour information is difficult to obtain because of disagreements between data sources as to what constitutes child labour.

In some countries, government policy contributes to this difficulty. Department of Labor issued a List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor where China was attributed 12 goods the majority of which were produced by both underage children and indentured labourers.

Maplecroft Child Labour Index survey [52] reports 76 countries pose extreme child labour complicity risks for companies operating worldwide. The ten highest risk countries inranked in decreasing order, were: Of the major growth economies, Maplecroft ranked Philippines 25th riskiest, India 27th, China 36th, Viet Nam 37th, Indonesia 46th, and Brazil 54th - all of them rated to involve extreme risks of child labour uncertainties, to corporations seeking to invest in developing world and import products from emerging markets.

Causes of child labour Primary causes International Labour Organisation ILO suggests poverty is the greatest single cause behind child labour. Other scholars such as Harsch on African child labour, and Edmonds and Pavcnik on global child labour have reached the same conclusion.

Children work because they have nothing better to do. Even when schools are sometimes available, they are too far away, difficult to reach, unaffordable or the quality of education is so poor that parents wonder if going to school is really worth it.

Cultural causes In European history when child labour was common, as well as in contemporary child labour of modern world, certain cultural beliefs have rationalised child labour and thereby encouraged it.

Some view that work is good for the character-building and skill development of children.

Child labour in pakistan

Similarly, in many cultures the education of girls is less valued or girls are simply not expected to need formal schooling, and these girls pushed into child labour such as providing domestic services. Macroeconomic causes Biggeri and Mehrotra have studied the macroeconomic factors that encourage child labour.

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They suggest [59] that child labour is a serious problem in all five, but it is not a new problem. Macroeconomic causes encouraged widespread child labour across the world, over most of human history. They suggest that the causes for child labour include both the demand and the supply side.

While poverty and unavailability of good schools explain the child labour supply side, they suggest that the growth of low-paying informal economy rather than higher paying formal economy is amongst the causes of the demand side. Other scholars too suggest that inflexible labour market, sise of informal economy, inability of industries to scale up and lack of modern manufacturing technologies are major macroeconomic factors affecting demand and acceptability of child labour.UNICEF estimates that around million children ages years in developing countries are involved in child labour.

ILO estimates that around million children under 18 work, many full-time. Even though the prevalence of child labour has been falling, it continues to harm the physical and mental development of . Pakistan's Federal and Provincial laws are not completely in compliance with international standards on child labor, including the worst forms of child labor.

Balochistan Province has not established a minimum age for employment or a minimum age for hazardous work. Child Labour and Fairtrade in Pakistan Muhammad Younas writes about the challenge of child labour facing Pakistan's sports balls capital and how Fairtrade could be the answer.

Next time you open your wardrobe, consider this: more than 90 per cent of clothing brands, including Rivers, Katies and Lacoste, are likely to profit from some form of child labour. ISLAMABAD: More than a decade after June 12 was declared ‘World Day Against Child Labour’, over million children in Pakistan are involved in child labour, according to a statement issued.

Sweatshops. There is no single definition of what a sweatshop is. The US Department of Labor defines a sweatshop as a factory that violates two or more labor laws, such as those pertaining to wages and benefits, child labor or working hours.

Child Labour in Pakistan