Research has identified a variety of leadership styles based on the number of followers.
Learn about the different styles of leadership, determine which is appropriate for your organization, and how to choose and develop a leadership style. Why pay attention to leadership style? What are some conceptions and methods of leadership? What are some ways of looking at leadership style and what are their effects on an organization?
How do you determine what is an appropriate style? How do you choose and develop a leadership style? Leadership styles are the ways in which a leader views leaderships and performs it in order to accomplish their goals. This chapter provides a guide for understanding what different styles look like, which ones are more and less effective, and how you can develop or change your style to come closer to the ideal you aspire to.
What is leadership style? According to John Gardner, in On Leadership, "Leadership is the process of persuasion or example by which an individual or leadership team induces a group to pursue objectives held by the leader or shared by the leader and his or her followers.
If a task needs to be accomplished, how does a particular leader set out to get it done? If an emergency arises, how does a leader handle it? If the organization needs the support of the community, how does a leader go about mobilizing it? All of these depend on leadership style. Much of the material in this section looks at individual leaders, but leadership can be invested in a team, or in several teams, or in different people at different times.
Many - perhaps most - organizations have several levels of leadership, and thus many leaders. Regardless of the actual form of leadership, however, leadership style is an issue.
If a leader is suspicious and jealous of power, others in the organization are likely to behave similarly, in dealing with both colleagues and the community.
If a leader is collaborative and open, this behavior is likely to encourage the same attitudes among staff members, and to work collaboratively with other organizations.
In many ways, the style of its leader defines an organization. An autocratic leader in a democratic organization can create chaos. A leader concerned only with the bottom line in an organization built on the importance of human values may undermine the purpose of its work.
For that reason, being conscious of both your own style as a leader and those of others you hire as leaders can be crucial in keeping your organization on the right track. Our concept of leadership tends to linger on such examples, but there are other kinds of leaders as well.
Gandhi sitting and spinning in a dusty Indian courtyard; John Lewis and other Freedom Riders being brutally beaten in Mississippi; Vaclav Havel refusing to take revenge on the former Communist bureaucrats of Czechoslovakia; Nelson Mandela sitting in prison on Robben Island - these also are pictures of leadership.
Conceptions of leadership The leadership style of an organization may be concerned with less dramatic issues than these examples, but it nonetheless has profound effects on the people within that organization, and on everything the organization does.
Gaining and exercising the privileges of high status. Leadership is about getting to the top, and being recognized as having the highest status. Leadership is overseeing the work of the organization by telling everyone what to do when, and rewarding or punishing as appropriate.
Taking care of people.
Leadership is looking out for those you lead, and making sure they get what they need. Leadership is helping those you lead gain power and become leaders.
Taking these last two together, we might add a conception whereby one aspect of leadership is the fostering of personal and professional growth in others. The leader, by force of character and her own high standards, creates expectations and pulls others up to her level.
Providing and working toward a vision. Leadership is the ability to envision a goal, and to motivate others to work with you toward that goal. Methods of leadership In many, or perhaps most, organizations, more than one of these conceptions may define leadership.
Each implies particular ways of leading, and leaders may use a number of different methods. Pure exercise of power.
The leader plays people off against one another, creates factions within the organization, cultivates "allies" and isolates "enemies," and builds up through favors or overlooking poor performance personal debt which can be cashed in when needed, in order to manipulate people and events as he wishes.
He set principals at odds with one another and with teachers, played favorites among system administrators, postured in public, did his best to charm particular school committee members, and generally kept everyone off balance. He did it so well that, for most of his long term of employment, almost no one noticed that he exercised no educational leadership whatsoever, and that the schools deteriorated both physically and educationally under his administration.
The leader develops strong positive relationships with all or most of the people in the organization, and uses these relationships to steer people in particular directions. The leader may or may not demand or request particular behavior or actions, but she will demonstrate them, and expect or imply that others will follow.
In Sicily, a young archeologist was the dig supervisor, given the task of negotiating with and organizing local workmen for a dig.According to Research by asaecenter, leadership style is the way a person uses power to lead other people. Research has identified a variety of leadership styles based on the number of followers.
Interesting piece. Thanks for sharing! All forms of leadership have their positives and I think each can be effective in their own way, but I agree that the combination of transactional and transformation is probably the most effective form of leadership. Do you have a preferred leadership style?
Based on the result of the survey, I got 3 points for supporting leadership style, 2 points for both coaching and delegating . This report aims to explore three contemporary leadership styles and the influence of charismatic and transformational leadership styles on the organizational success.
Charismatic, Transformational and Transactional leadership styles. Charisma is a Greek ward means a “gift of grace or divine grace” (Hoffmann, , p. ). 12 Different Types of Leadership Styles According to Research by asaecenter, leadership style is the way a person uses power to lead other people.
Research has identified a variety of leadership styles based on the number of followers. Which leadership style do you think is more effective, transformational or transactional? Research shows that transformational leadership is a very powerful influence over leader effectiveness as well as employee satisfaction.