It was introduced into Nigeria exactly by the Richardson fundamental law. The fundamental law introduced regionalism into Nigeria for the first clip. The Macpherson fundamental law of brought greater federalism to the state.
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It was introduced into Nigeria precisely by the Richardson constitution. The constitution introduced regionalism into Nigeria for the first time, establishing regional assemblies in addition to the already existing central legislature.
However, the regional houses remained only as deliberative and advisory bodies having no real legislative competence. The Macpherson constitution of brought greater federalism to the country.
It increased regional autonomy within a united Nigeria. It created larger and more representative regional legislatures with increased powers.
The constitution saw the full, romance of Nigeria with federalism, thus making Nigeria a full- fledged federation. Under the constitution, legislative powers were divided between the federal and regional legislature.
It was provided that if a regional law is inconsistent with the provisions of the federal law, the provisions of the regional law in question would be rendered void to the extent of such inconsistency.
The independence constitution retained the federal structure with the three legislative lists, to wit: Exclusive, concurrent and residual.
However, in order to safeguard the unity of the country it was provided that the executive authority of the regions should not be exercised in such a way that it would impede or prejudice the exercise of the executive authority of the federation or endanger the continuance of the federal government in the country.
The republication constitution retained the same federal structure and provisions protecting federalism as contained in the constitution. Then presidential constitution expressly guaranteed federalism in-section 2 1 and 2.
In me spirit of federalism, the constitution guaranteed three levels of government viz: The Draft constitution extensively tackled once again the question of federalism in Nigeria, drawing its lessons from past experiences. The fact that a country with such a vast land mass and consisting of ethnic nationalities with diverse backgrounds, could not live under a unitary government for too long was not lost on the British colonial administration, especially from the time of Governor Arthur Richards.
At the various consultative forums, especially the Ibadan General Conference of Januarypreparatory to the promulgation of the Macpherson Constitution ofthe question on the structure of Nigeria was pointedly asked and discussed: And so there is no gain saying that the federal arrangement bequeathed to Nigeria both by the Lyttleton Constitution of and Independence Constitution of was a compromise between the centrifugal and centripetal forces that inhabited the disparate regions of Nigeria.
Our founding fathers like Nnamdi Azikwe, Obafemi Awolowo and Ahmadu Bello settled for a full-fledged federation as the basis of our existence as a nation in Inthe Federal Republic of Nigeria was born Possibly, the greatest challenge facing Nigeria today is the threat to national unity, as centrifugal tensions, resource control and self-determination, ethnicity based identity politics and religious cleavages have enveloped national consciousness.
Since independence innational integration has been a top priority of governments in Nigeria. It is clear that the outcome of integration policies and programmes in Nigeria have fallen far below expectation, as primordial ethnic loyalties are still deep seated.
Ethnic particularism is seen as the major cause of this failure Naanen,and consequently, suggestions on policy options are targeted to deal with this issue.
This paper will explores the use of fiscal federalism as a strategy for integration. Integration is a process that is anchored on values, and this can better be achieved through fair fiscal federalism.
The democratization of fiscal federalism and curriculum reforms to capture the true essence of national unity will enhance multiculturalism, the coexistence among different cultural entities Kymlicka and Norman, the process is linked to respect for differences which relate to culture, religion, politics and values, that can be effectively harnessed and managed through revenue.
Thus, the specific issue analyzed in this paper is, how can fiscal federalism enhance integration in Nigeria? Essentially, federalism connotes a discrete territorial division of the various units so that they are originally related.
They are organic in the sense that they are stated in the constitution. In other words, their respective powers originated from the same source as those of the center. The units therefore have equal powers with the center though such equality in not is terms of one to one, but in terms of originality, since the powers they exercise are not the creation of the center.
The relationship between the center and the component units is not superior to the units in a federation Ailoje, It has been asserted over the years that fiscal federalism or intergovernmental fiscal relation is concretely located within the definitional concept of federalism, though with economic blending.
Thus, fiscal federalism is one of the major classical principles upon which true and balanced federalism ought to rest. This will paper examines fiscal federalism as well as the enormous obvious challenges it poses to the Nigerian federation, which have resulted in series of agitations for the review of revenue sharing formula and resource control in recent times.
The polity is known to have many ethnic groups, which scholars have put at different figures Kirk-Green, It is not surprising therefore that these ethnic groups are always in conflict and competition for scarce Resources. The reason is that almost by definition, ethnic groups are in keen competition for the strategic resources of their respective societies.
This is the case in Nigeria and other plural and segmented polities.b) unconditional (fiscal equalization) New directions in fiscal federalism 1. Laboratory federalism 2. Interjurisdictional competition and environmental federalism 3. Political Economy of fiscal federalism 4. Market preserving federalism 5.
Fiscal decentralization in the developing and transitional economies Old vs. Feb 09, · Vertical Imbalance in Fiscal Federalism: Fiscal federalism is a sub-field of public economics that focus on understanding the instruments and functions that are best centralized and effectively placed in the domain of decentralized governmental levels.
Fiscal federalism is essentially about multilevel government structure, rather than within a level structure of government, for the performance of government functions and service delivery to the people. Fiscal federalism is the balance between the efficiency of central government and the non-duplication of tasks versus the efficiency gained by lower deadweight losses associated with more adequately providing regional services are more closely tailored to the utility maximising preferences of the locality.
Fiscal federalism refers to the scope and structure of the tiers of government responsibilities and functions as well as the allocation of resources among the tiers of . [tags: canada, politics, fiscal federalism] Better Essays words ( pages) Essay about Canada´s Great Government System - Introduction Since the founding of Canada in , Canada has been a stable country that is an example of a great government system.
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