Department of Justice conducted a series of unwarranted raids that affected hundreds of Americans. Having participated in more Supreme Court cases than any other private organization in the last nine decades, the ACLU remains a staunch defender of civil liberties today, leading the charge against xenophobic policies and laws such as the Muslim and Refugee Ban.
Early life and education[ edit ] Crystal Catherine Eastman in Crystal Eastman was born in Marlborough, Massachusettson June 25,the third of four children. Her oldest brother, Morgan, was born in and died in at age seven.
The second brother, Anstice Ford Eastman, who became a general surgeon, was born in and died in Max was the youngest, born in Intheir mother became one of the first women ordained as a Protestant minister in America when she became a minister of the Congregational Church.
Her parents were friendly with writer Mark Twain. From this association young Crystal also became acquainted with him.
During the antebellum period, some were inspired by religious ideals to support such progressive social causes as abolitionism and the Underground Railroad.
Crystal and her brother Max Eastman were influenced by this progressive tradition. He became a socialist activist in his early life, and Crystal had several common causes with him.
They were close throughout her life, even after he had become more conservative. Gaining her law degree from New York University Law Schoolshe graduated second in the class of Commission on Industrial Relations during Woodrow Wilson 's presidency.
She was at one time called the "most dangerous woman in America," due to her free-love idealism and outspoken nature. Emancipation[ edit ] During a brief marriage to Wallace J.
Benedict, which ended in divorce, Eastman moved to Milwaukee with him. There she managed the unsuccessful Wisconsin suffrage campaign.
After the passage of the 19th Amendment gave women the right to vote inEastman and Paul wrote the Equal Rights Amendmentfirst introduced in One of the few socialists to endorse the ERA, Eastman warned that protective legislation for women would mean only discrimination against women.
Eastman claimed that one could assess the importance of the ERA by the intensity of the opposition to it, but she felt that it was still a struggle worth fighting. She also delivered the speech, "Now We Can Begin", following the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment, outlining the work that needed to be done in the political and economic spheres to achieve gender equality.
Waldand others. Renamed the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom init remains the oldest extant women's peace organization. Eastman also became executive director of the American Union Against Militarismwhich lobbied against America's entrance into the European war and more successfully against war with Mexico insought to remove profiteering from arms manufacturing, and campaigned against conscriptionimperial adventures and military intervention.
Eastman is credited as a founding member of the ACLU, but her role as founder of the NCLB may have been largely ignored by posterity due to her personal differences with Baldwin.
They worked together as activists until the end of the war; then he worked as the managing editor of The Freeman untilwhen he returned to England.
After Max Eastman's periodical The Masses was forced to close by government censorship inhe and Crystal co-founded a radical journal of politics, art, and literature, The Liberatorearly in At times she traveled by ship to London to be with her husband.
In New York, her activities led to her being blacklisted during the Red Scare of She struggled to find paying work. Her only paid work during the s was as a columnist for feminist journals, notably Equal Rights and Time and Tide.She is best remembered as a leader in the fight for women's suffrage, as a co-founder and co-editor with her brother Max Eastman of the radical arts and politics magazine The Liberator, co-founder of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, and .
The same arguments made today against SCS were made then against needle exchanges. Thankfully, the city and county elected officials listened to public health experts, and Public Health - Seattle & King County now have one of the most successful HIV/AIDS programs in the world.
Awardees The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) Award for Institutional Excellence. One of the nation’s foremost individual rights and civil liberties organizations, the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) has been working for nearly years to defend the constitutionally guaranteed rights of people across the United States.
The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) opposes criminal prohibition of drugs. Not only is prohibition a proven failure as a drug control strategy, but it subjects otherwise law-abiding citizens to arrest, prosecution and imprisonment for what they do in private.
The Drug War is the New Jim Crow by Graham BoydPublished in NACLA Report on the Americas, July/August Despite the growing public feeling that the drug war has failed, Attorney General John Ashcroft has declared that he wants to escalate it.1 ""I want to renew it,"" he told CNN's Larry King.
Since its founding, the ACLU has been involved in many important legal actions. A few of the most significant include: • In , the ACLU persuaded John T. Scopes to defy Tennessee’s anti-evolution law in a court test. Clarence Darrow, a member of the ACLU .